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Digital Plaster

Theodore Spyropoulos Studio
Assistant: Shajay Bhooshan


Manuel Jiménez García (Spain)
Roberto Garcia (Spain)
Claudia Ernst (Germany)
Stella Dourtmes (Greece)


Digital_Plaster questions what the significance of digital materiality in the design process can be. Through our thesis we established a prototypical system of analogue and digital integration, thus creating a ‘circular causality’ of constant reciprocal feedback that informs pattern as the objective of our design process. Our research investigated a system of formation and spatial configuration based on the study of form finding through cast plaster in flexible formwork. This control system uses the methodology of patterning to negotiate the relationship between pattern, structure and space. The dynamic simulation of our material system enabled us to evaluate structural performance, material distribution and fabrication technique, providing the system with the necessary information to optimise the pattern. The patterning of prototypical spatial configurations is based on a generative system of a network of self-organising catenaries that are able to adapt to specific conditions, thereby hybridising different scales and densities of space. In this way, we realise the potential to deliver a fabric pattern that becomes architectural space once it is cast through a time-based deployment of a phase-changing material.