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Yusuke Obuchi and Robert Stuart-Smith Studio

Bo Thamwiset (Thailand)
Junjie Zeng (China)
Walee Phiriyaphongsak (Thailand)
Xin Guo (China)


MycoFARMx is a proposal for a prototypical mushroom park in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, Southern China, on a rice field that is presently at risk of being swallowed by rapid urban sprawl development. An ecological retrofitting of a symbiotic natural process offers a means of increasing both natural and social capital. Rice straw, an abundant by-product from the rice field, is solidified by microbial agents called ‘mycelia’(mushroom spawn) which grows as a living material and evolves into a living architecture that is biodegradable as a close-loop design back into the rice field. The catenary draping and grafting of the banyan tree provides the inspiration for the geometrical construction that solidifies the soft bodies within the closed threshold of branches, providing the self-binding properties that makes the whole geometry more rigid. An evolutionary design strategy has been used to incorporate material cycles within architectural program cycles through time-based adaptability, grow-ability and decomposability.